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Rubberlike elasticity : a molecular primer
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2nd ed.
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New York : Cambridge University Pr., 2007
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30000010156332 QD381 M374 2007 Open Access Book Book

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Elastomers and rubberlike materials form a critical component in diverse applications that range from tyres to biomimetics and are used in chemical, biomedical, mechanical and electrical engineering. This updated and expanded edition provides an elementary introduction to the physical and molecular concepts governing elastic behaviour, with a particular focus on elastomers. The coverage of fundamental principles has been greatly extended and fully revised, with analogies to more familiar systems such as gases, producing an engaging approach to these phenomena. Dedicated chapters on novel uses of elastomers, covering bioelastomers, filled elastomers and liquid crystalline elastomers, illustrate the established and emerging applications at the forefront of physical science. With a list of experiments and demonstrations, problem sets and solutions, this is a self-contained introduction to the topic for graduate students, researchers and industrialists working in the applied fields of physics and chemistry, polymer science and engineering.

Table of Contents

Preface to the first editionp. vii
Preface to the second editionp. ix
Part I Fundamentals
1 Introductionp. 3
2 Some rubberlike materialsp. 19
3 The single molecule: theory and experimentp. 25
4 Preparation and structure of networksp. 39
5 Elementary statistical theory for idealized networksp. 49
6 Statistical theory for real networksp. 55
7 Elastic equations of state and force-deformation relationsp. 61
8 Swelling of networks and volume phase transitionsp. 71
9 Force as a function of temperaturep. 79
10 Model elastomersp. 93
Part II Additional topics
11 Networks prepared under unusual conditionsp. 111
12 Strain-induced crystallization and ultimate propertiesp. 117
13 Multimodal networksp. 131
14 Birefringence and segmental orientationp. 149
15 Neutron scattering from networksp. 159
16 Liquid-crystalline elastomersp. 165
17 Bioelastomersp. 179
18 Filled elastomersp. 191
19 Current problems and new directionsp. 211
Appendix A Relationships between v, ¿ and M cp. 215
Appendix B Relationships between , and ¿p. 217
Appendix C Equations of state for miscellaneous deformations form the constrained junction theoryp. 219
Appendix D Thermodynamics of the relationship of stress to temperaturep. 221
Problemsp. 225
Answers to problemsp. 229
Some publications describing laboratory/classroom experiments or demonstrationsp. 235
Referencesp. 237
Indexp. 257
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