Cover image for Applied climatology : principles and practice
Applied climatology : principles and practice
Publication Information:
London : Routledge, 1997


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30000010149433 QC981 A66 1997 Open Access Book Book
30000010140046 QC981 A66 1997 Open Access Book Book

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'Big freeze' conditions, storms, severe flooding, droughts, and heatwaves - recent extremes in weather, with their resultant physical, economic and human losses, highlight the vulnerability of society to changes in the atmosphere. Atmospheric pollution, urbanization, natural atmospheric disasters are causing dramatic changes in climatic environments.
Applied Climatology examines the effects of climate on physical, biological and cultural environments. Specialist contributors from Europe, North America and Australasia examine the impacts of changing climates on the functioning and development of physical biological environments including glaciers, water resources, landforms, soils, vegetation and animals.
Weather and climate effects day-to-day activities and lifestyles from the clothes we wear to the buildings we design, and the food and energy we produce. This book focusses on the relationship between climate and a wide range of human activities and responses relating to health and comfort, building design, transport systems, agriculture and fisheries, tourism and social, industrial and legal issues.
Climate-environment relationships and impacts on human activities are predicted to change dramatically if global warming accelerates at the rates currently proposed. Applied Climatology examines the characteristics and consequences of the changing global climate and considers the future for both natural and human environments.

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Choice Review

This book is concerned with the application and impact of climate on a variety of systems and on a variety of time-scales. It is principally concerned with atmospheric "climate"; the climate of the world's oceans is only briefly noted. Most of the authors of the 25 chapters (some coauthored) are from the UK, US, Canada, or Australia. After an introduction, which defines the aims and scope of the book, the remaining 24 chapters are organized in five sections: "Applied Climatology: The 'Tools' of Research"; "Climate and the Physical/Biological Environments"; "Climate and the Cultural Environment"; "The Changing Climatic Environments"; and "Conclusions and Synthesis." Subject/geographic index; chapter references. A suitable work for intermediate-level undergraduate students studying geography and a companion work for global change study. J. T. Andrews University of Colorado at Boulder

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xxii
Acknowledgementsp. xxiv
1 Introduction: the Emergence of Applied Climatology and Climate Impact Assessmentp. 1
Part 1 Applied Climatology: the 'tools' of Researchp. 11
2 Ground and Remotely Sensed Measurementsp. 13
3 Statistical Considerationsp. 22
Referencesp. 34
4 Climate Modelsp. 36
5 Atmospheric Resource Managementp. 51
Part 2 Climate and the Physical/ Biological Environmentsp. 63
6 Hydrological Processes and Water Resourcesp. 65
7 Glaciersp. 74
Referencesp. 87
8 Geomorphic Processes and Landformsp. 89
9 Soilsp. 111
10 Vegetationp. 123
Referencesp. 139
11 Animal Responses to Climatep. 141
Part 3 Climate and the Cultural Environmentsp. 153
12 Comfort, Clothing and Healthp. 155
Referencesp. 171
13 Town Planning, Architecture and Buildingp. 175
14 Industry and Commercep. 187
Referencesp. 197
15 Transport Systemsp. 198
Referencesp. 214
16 Agriculture and Fisheriesp. 215
17 Forestryp. 228
18 Recreation and Tourismp. 240
19 Political, Social and Legal Aspects of Climatep. 249
20 The Energy Sectorp. 256
Referencesp. 269
Part 4 The Changing Climatic Environmentsp. 271
21 Urban Climates and Global Environmental Changep. 273
Referencesp. 286
22 Air Pollutionp. 288
23 Climatic Extremes as a Hazard to Humansp. 304
24 Climate Change, History and the Futurep. 317
Referencesp. 324
Part 5 Overviewp. 327
25 Conclusions and Synthesisp. 329
Referencesp. 340
Indexp. 341