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Sensing issues in civil structural health monitoring
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Dordrecht : Springer, 2005
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30000010163469 TA645 S46 2005 Open Access Book Book

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Civil infrastructure systems are generally the most expensive assets in any country, and these systems are deteriorating at an alarming rate. In addition, these systems have a long service life in comparison to most other commercial products. As well, the introduction of intelligent materials and innovative design approaches in these systems is painfully slow due to heavy relianceon traditional construction and maintenance practices, and the conservative nature of design codes. Feedback on the "state of the health" of constructed systems is practically nonexistent. In the quest for lighter, stronger and corrosion-resistant structures, the replacement of ferrous materials by high-strength fibrous ones is being actively pursued in several countries around the world, both with respect to the design of new structures as well as for the rehabilitation and strengthening of existing ones. In North America, active research in the design of new highway bridges is focused on a number of specialty areas, including the replacement of steel reinforcing bars in concrete deck slabs by randomly distributed low-modulus fibers, and the replacement of steel prestressing cables for concrete components by tendons comprising super-strong fibers. Research is also being conducted on using FRPs to repair and strengthen existing structures.

Table of Contents

Chapter I Global perspectives on structural health monitoring of civil structures
Are civil structural engineers "risk averse"? Can civionics help?A.A. Mufti and B. Bakht and G. Tadros and A.T. Horosko and G. Sparks
Monitoring technologies for maintenance and management of urban highways in JapanY. Adachi
The role of sensing and measurement in achieving FHWA's strategic vision for highway infrastructureS.B. Chase
Recent development of bridge health monitoring system in KoreaH.M. Koh and S. Kim and J.F. Choo
A strategy to implement structural health monitoring on bridgesC. Sikorsky
Sensors " not just for research anymoreN.P. Vitillo
Investigation of the dynamic properties of the Brooklyn BridgeQ. Ye and G. Fanjiang and B. Yanev
Chapter II Monitoring issues in ancient and modern structures
Distributed sensing technologies for monitoring frpstrengthened structuresZ.S. Wu and C.Q. Yang
Problems and perspectives in monitoring of ancient masonry structuresA. De Stefano and R. Ceravolo
Monitoring and response of CFRP prestressed concrete bridgeN.F. Grace
Design of temporary and permanent arrays to assess dynamic parameters in historical and monumental buildingsP. Clemente and D. Rinaldis
FRP-Strengthened structures: Monitoring issues from Quebec applicationsP. Labossiere and P. Rochette and K.W. Neale and M. Demers
Structural and material monitoring of historical objectsM. Drdack
Chapter III Sensing of structural parameters and extreme events
Internal and external sensing for post-earthquake evaluation of bridgesM. Saud Saudi and R. Nelson and P. Laplace
Application of em stress sensors in large steel cablesM.L. Wang and G. Wang and Y. Zhao
Enhancing durability of structures by monitoring strain and cracking behaviorB. Hillemeier and H. Scheel and W. Habel
Development of an earthquake damage detection system for bridge structuresH. Kobayashi and S. Unjoh
Determination of rebar forces based on the exterior crack opening displacement measurement of reinforced concreteT. Matsumoto and M.N. Islam
Monitoring system based on optical fiber sensing technology for tunnel structures and other infrastructureK. Fujihashi and K. Kurihara and K. Hirayama and S. Toyoda
Development of FBG sensors for structural health monitoring in civil infrastructuresZ. Zhou and J. Ou
Chapter IV Smart sensors, imaging and NDT of civil structures
Monitoring of a smart concrete beamQ.B. Li and L. Li and F. Zhang
Fiber optic nerve systems with optical correlation domain technique for smart structures and smart materialsK. Hotate
Use of active sensors for health monitoring of transportation infrastructureS. Nazarian
Health monitoring of concrete structures using self-diagnosis materialsH. Inada and Y. Okuhara and H. Kumagai
Application of image analysis to steel structural engineeringK. Tateishi and T. Hanji
Shape memory alloy based smart civil structures with self-sensing and repairing capabilitiesH. Li and C. Mao and Z. Liu and J. Ou
Smart sensors and integrated SHM system for offshore structuresZ. Duan and J. Ou and Z. Zhou and X. Zhao
Chapter V Sensor system design, data quality, processing, and interpretation
Design considerations for sensing systems to ensure data qualityR. Zhang and E. Aktan
Practical implementations of intelligent monitoring systems in HITJ. Ou
Health monitoring, damage prognosis and service-life prediction " issues related to implementationV.M. Karbhari
Adaptive event detection for shm system monitoringD.K. McNeill and L. Card
A note on interpretation of shm data for bridgesB. Bakht
Chapter VI Sensor and instrumentation performance and reliability instrumentation performance during long-term bridge monitoringI.N. Robertson and G.P. Johnson and S. Wang
Stability and reliability of fiber-optic measurement systems " basic conditions for successful long-term structural health monitoringW.R. Habel
Instrumentation of the indoor cable stayed bridge at