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Cover image for Introduction to hazardous waste incineration
Title:
Introduction to hazardous waste incineration
Personal Author:
Edition:
2nd ed.
Publication Information:
New York, NY: Wiley-Interscience, 2000
Physical Description:
1v + 1 DISKET (DSK 1903)
ISBN:
9780471017905

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30000010018620 TD796 S26 2000 Open Access Book Book
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Summary

Summary

Introduction to Hazardous Waste Incineration,

Second Edition

The control of hazardous wastes is one of today's most critical environmental issues. Increasing numbers of engineers, technicians, and maintenance personnel are being confronted with problems in this important area. Incineration has become an available and vital option to meet the new challenge of containing hazardous wastes. Introduction to Hazardous Waste Incineration, Second Edition provides a reference work that examines the basic concepts, principles, equipment, and applications pertaining to hazardous waste incineration.

Uniquely serving as both an essential guidebook for practicing engineers and a text for engineering students, this new edition contains updated information in the area of standards and regulations, equipment, materials handling equipment, instrumentation, control performance testing, final permit, and facility design. The authors' aim is to offer the reader the fundamentals of incineration with appropriate practical application to the incineration of wastes, in addition to providing an introduction to the specialized literature in this and related areas. Complete with illustrative examples, this informative Second Edition highlights:
* Recent history of standards and regulations, including the recently enacted MACT Standards for hazardous waste combustion
* Incineration principles, including stoichiometric calculations, and thermochemical considerations
* Equipment that may be found in a waste incineration facility (i.e., incinerator, waste heat boiler, quench systems, and air pollution control equipment)
* Design principles and their application to a hazardous waste incineration facility
* Practice problems at the end of each technical chapter

Introduction to Hazardous Waste Incineration, Second Edition offers chemical and environmental engineers working in the hazardous waste control area, as well as technicians and maintenance professionals, the necessary literature to cope with some of the complex problems encountered in waste incineration today.


Author Notes

Joseph J. Santoleri, Pe, is an environmental consultant based in Berwyn, Pennsylvania
Joseph Reynolds, PhD, is a professor in the Chemical Engineering Department, Manhattan College, Bronx, New York
Louis Theodore, PhD, is a professor in the Chemical Engineering Department, Manhattan College, Bronx, New York


Table of Contents

Prefacep. vii
Part I The Hazardous Waste Problemp. 1
1 Hazardous Waste Incineration Overviewp. 3
1.1 Introductionp. 3
1.2 Historical Backgroundp. 6
1.3 Today's Problemp. 11
1.4 Socioeconomic Concernsp. 13
1.5 Waste Characterizationp. 15
1.6 The Need to Incineratep. 18
Referencesp. 20
2 Other Optionsp. 23
2.1 Introductionp. 23
2.2 Chemical Treatmentp. 24
2.3 Biological Treatmentp. 31
2.4 Physical Treatmentp. 35
2.5 Ultimate Disposalp. 51
2.6 Process Modification/Pollution Preventionp. 59
2.7 The Selection of Hazardous Waste Treatment Processesp. 62
Referencesp. 71
3 Standards and Regulationsp. 73
3.1 Introductionp. 73
3.2 Early Legislationp. 74
3.3 Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976p. 76
3.4 Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of 1984p. 80
3.5 Permit Processp. 85
3.6 EPA Guidance Manualsp. 95
3.7 Boiler and Industrial Furnace (BIF) Regulationsp. 96
3.8 EPA Hazardous Waste Reduction and Combustion Strategyp. 102
3.9 Combustion Emissions Technical Resource Documentp. 103
3.10 Hazardous Waste Combustor Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) Standards for Hazardous Waste Incinerators, Cement Kilns, and Lightweight Aggregate Kilnsp. 109
3.11 Future of Incinerationp. 118
3.12 Illustrative Examplesp. 118
Problemsp. 126
Referencesp. 128
Part II Incineration Principlesp. 131
4 Basic Conceptsp. 133
4.1 Introductionp. 133
4.2 Fundamentals of Measurementp. 133
4.3 Chemical and Physical Propertiesp. 138
4.4 Ideal Gas Lawp. 150
4.5 Phase Equilibriump. 155
4.6 Illustrative Examplesp. 160
Problemsp. 169
Referencesp. 170
5 Stoichiometric and Thermodynamic Considerationsp. 171
5.1 Introductionp. 171
5.2 Conservation Lawsp. 171
5.3 Stoichiometryp. 178
5.4 Thermochemistryp. 187
5.5 Chemical Reaction Equilibriump. 196
5.6 Chemical Kineticsp. 202
5.7 Illustrative Examplesp. 210
Problemsp. 225
Referencesp. 227
6 Thermochemical Applicationsp. 229
6.1 Introductionp. 229
6.2 Fuel Optionsp. 229
6.3 Stoichiometric Calculationsp. 237
6.4 Thermochemical Calculationsp. 253
6.5 Application of Chemical Reaction Principlesp. 263
6.6 Illustrative Examplesp. 275
Problemsp. 300
Referencesp. 302
Part III Equipmentp. 303
7 Hazardous Waste Combustorsp. 305
7.1 Introductionp. 305
7.2 Liquid Injection Incinerationp. 306
7.3 Rotary Kiln Incinerationp. 324
7.4 Other Methodsp. 339
7.5 Co-incinerationp. 352
7.6 Thermal Treatment of Superfund Soilp. 366
7.7 Emerging Technologiesp. 369
7.8 Illustrative Examplesp. 372
Problemsp. 379
Referencesp. 379
8 Waste Heat Boilersp. 383
8.1 Introductionp. 383
8.2 Fundamentals of Heat Transferp. 383
8.3 Operation of Waste Heat Boilersp. 395
8.4 Design of Waste Heat Boilersp. 396
8.5 Illustrative Examplesp. 399
Problemsp. 404
Referencesp. 405
9 Quenchersp. 407
9.1 Introductionp. 407
9.2 Dilution with Ambient Airp. 408
9.3 Quenching with Liquidsp. 409
9.4 Contact with High Heat Capacity Solidsp. 417
9.5 Natural Convection and Radiationp. 417
9.6 Forced-Draft Coolingp. 420
9.7 Illustrative Examplesp. 422
Problemsp. 431
Referencesp. 432
10 Air Pollution Control Equipmentp. 433
10.1 Introductionp. 433
10.2 Wet Scrubbersp. 437
10.3 Dry Scrubber Systemsp. 458
10.4 Wet-Dry Scrubber Systemsp. 470
10.5 Illustrative Examplesp. 476
Problemsp. 490
Referencesp. 493
11 Materials Handling and Ancillary Equipmentp. 495
11.1 Introductionp. 495
11.2 Waste Storagep. 496
11.3 Feed Systemsp. 499
11.4 Ash Handling Systemsp. 501
11.5 Pipes, Ducts, Fittings, and Valvesp. 502
11.6 Fans, Pumps, and Compressorsp. 505
11.7 Stacksp. 517
11.8 Illustrative Examplesp. 518
Problemsp. 521
Referencesp. 522
Part IV Facility Designp. 525
12 Design Principlesp. 527
12.1 Introductionp. 527
12.2 Preliminary Studiesp. 528
12.3 Process Schematicsp. 529
12.4 Material and Energy Balancesp. 532
12.5 Equipment and Process Designp. 534
12.6 Instrumentation and Controlsp. 537
Referencesp. 540
13 Economic Considerationsp. 541
13.1 Introductionp. 541
13.2 Capital Costsp. 542
13.3 Operating Costsp. 548
13.4 Project Evaluationp. 549
13.5 Perturbation Studies in Optimizationp. 552
13.6 Illustrative Examplesp. 553
Problemsp. 560
Referencesp. 561
14 Design of a Hazardous Waste Incineration Facilityp. 563
14.1 Introductionp. 563
14.2 Illustrative Design Problem Ip. 563
14.3 Illustrative Design Problem IIp. 577
Problemsp. 590
Referencesp. 592
Appendix A HWI Software Packagep. 593
A.1 Introductory Commentsp. 593
A.2 Getting Startedp. 594
A.3 The Program HWITRLp. 595
A.4 The Program HWIp. 599
A.5 The Program HWIFp. 618
Appendix B Metric and SI Systemsp. 623
B.1 Metric Systemp. 623
B.2 SI Systemp. 624
Indexp. 627
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