Cover image for Practical guide to energy management for facilities engineers and plant managers
Title:
Practical guide to energy management for facilities engineers and plant managers
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
New York : ASME Press, 2001
Physical Description:
xiii, 622 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
ISBN:
9780791801581

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30000010204796 TJ163.3 M84 2001 Open Access Book
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Summary

Summary

This new volume examines practical applications and useful examples for conserving energy and reducing energy costs in commercial, institutional, and industrial plants and facilities. The first part of the book provides an introduction, and the basic scientific principles and economics of energy management. The second part is a clearly written, comprehensive handbook of the most commonly used energy-consuming equipment and system, including: * Steam and Hydronic Boilers * Steam Systems * Hydronic and Pumping Systems * Chillers and Chilled Water Systems * Cooling Towers and Fluid Coolers * Air Distribution and HVAC Systems * Electrical and Lighting Systems * Compressed Air Systems * Refrigeration Systems * Cogeneration Systems * Heat Recovery Systems * Thermal Storage Systems * Control and Energy Management Systems.


Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
About the Authorp. xiii
Part 1 Introduction
Chapter 1 Introduction to Energy Managementp. 1
1.1 Energy Savings Opportunitiesp. 1
1.2 Energy Codes and Standardsp. 3
1.3 Energy Auditsp. 5
1.4 Energy Use Profiles for Various Facilitiesp. 7
Chapter 2 Basic Scientific Principlesp. 19
2.1 The Concept of Heat and Workp. 19
2.2 Thermodynamicsp. 21
2.3 Heat Transferp. 27
2.4 Concepts of Fluid Mechanicsp. 38
Chapter 3 Economics for Energy Managementp. 47
3.1 Basic Economic Investment Analysisp. 47
3.2 Owning and Operating Costsp. 55
3.3 Simple Economic Evaluation Methodsp. 56
3.4 Comprehensive Economic Evaluation Methodsp. 58
3.5 Special Factorsp. 62
3.6 Financing Options for Energy Management Improvementsp. 64
Part 2 Applied Energy Management for Systems and Equipment
Chapter 4 Combustion Systems and Boilersp. 69
4.1 General Combustion System Operation and Theoryp. 69
4.2 Boiler Types and Characteristicsp. 84
4.3 Boiler Controlsp. 90
4.4 Boiler Accessoriesp. 95
4.5 Boiler Efficiencyp. 99
4.6 Maintaining and Operating Boilers for Optimum Energy Efficiencyp. 102
4.7 Energy Conservation Measures for Combustion Systems and Boilersp. 116
4.8 Energy Efficiency for New Boilers and Combustion Systemsp. 129
Chapter 5 Steam Systemsp. 133
5.1 Overview of Steam Properties and Steam Distribution Systemsp. 133
5.2 Steam and Condensate Systemsp. 135
5.3 Steam and Condensate System Componentsp. 137
5.4 Maintaining and Operating Steam System for Optimum Energy Efficiencyp. 152
5.5 Energy Conservation Measures for Steam Systemsp. 160
5.6 Energy Efficiency for New Steam Systemsp. 167
Chapter 6 Hydronic and Pumping Systemsp. 171
6.1 Overview of Hydronic and Pumping Systemsp. 171
6.2 Hydronic System Pumps and Accessoriesp. 178
6.3 Centrifugal Pump Performancep. 183
6.4 Maintaining and Operating Hydronic and Pumping System for Optimum Energy Efficiencyp. 191
6.5 Energy Conservation Measures for Hydronic and Pumping Systemsp. 193
6.6 Energy Efficiency for New Pumps and Hydronic Systemsp. 197
Chapter 7 Chillers and Chilled Water Systemsp. 201
7.1 Types of Chillers and Chilled Water Systemsp. 201
7.2 Chiller Condensers and Evaporatorsp. 213
7.3 Chiller Performancep. 215
7.4 Maintaining Chilled Water Systems for Optimum Energy Efficiencyp. 219
7.5 Operating Chillers and Chilled Water Systems for Optimum Energy Efficiencyp. 221
7.6 Energy Conservation Measures for Chilled Water Systemsp. 224
7.7 Selecting Chillers for Optimum Energy Performancep. 233
Chapter 8 Cooling Towers and Fluid Coolersp. 239
8.1 Basic Principles of Cooling Towers and Fluid Coolersp. 239
8.2 Types of Cooling Towersp. 242
8.3 Factors Affecting the Performance of Cooling Towersp. 247
8.4 Selecting Cooling Towers for Optimum Energy Efficiencyp. 251
8.5 Operation and Maintenance of Cooling Towers for Energy Efficiencyp. 250
8.6 Energy Conservation Measures for Cooling Towersp. 259
Chapter 9 Air Distribution and HVAC Systemsp. 269
9.1 Basic Principles of HVAC Systemsp. 269
9.2 Basic Principles of Ventilation and Air Distribution Systemsp. 290
9.3 Maintaining and Operating HVAC Systems for Optimum Energy Efficiencyp. 314
9.4 Energy Conservation Measures for Air Distribution and HVAC Systemsp. 318
9.5 Energy Efficiency for New Air Distribution and HVAC Systemsp. 334
Chapter 10 Electrical and Lighting Systemsp. 337
10.1 Basic Principles of Electrical and Lighting Systemsp. 337
10.2 Electric Motors and Motor Controlsp. 343
10.3 Electrical Distribution Systemsp. 353
10.4 Lighting and Lighting Systemsp. 358
10.5 Maintaining Electrical and Lighting Systems for Optimum Energy Efficiencyp. 363
10.6 Energy Conservation Measures for Electrical and Lighting Systemsp. 366
10.7 Energy Efficiency for New Electrical and Lighting Systemsp. 375
Chapter 11 Compressed Air Systemsp. 377
11.1 General Compressor Operation and Basic Theoryp. 377
11.2 Air Compressor Types and Characteristicsp. 383
11.3 Air Compressor Drivesp. 388
11.4 Accessories for Air Compressors and Compressed Air Systemsp. 391
11.5 Maintaining and Operating Compressed Air Systems for Optimum Energy Efficiencyp. 396
11.6 Energy Conservation Measures for Compressed Air Systemsp. 401
11.7 Energy Efficiency for New Compressed Air Systemsp. 407
Chapter 12 Refrigeration Systemsp. 417
12.1 Basic Principles of Refrigeration Systemsp. 417
12.2 Refrigeration System Componentsp. 422
12.3 Maintaining and Operating Refrigeration Systems for Optimum Energy Efficiencyp. 437
12.4 Energy Conservation Measures for Refrigeration Systemsp. 439
12.5 Energy Efficiency for New Refrigeration Systemsp. 445
Chapter 13 Cogeneration Systemsp. 449
13.1 Basic Principles of Cogenerationp. 449
13.2 Prime Moversp. 451
13.3 Electrical Systems for Cogenerationp. 460
13.4 Heat Recovery for Cogeneration Systemsp. 464
13.5 Applications for Recovered Heatp. 466
13.6 Cogeneration System Feasibilityp. 468
Chapter 14 Heat Recovery and Waste Heat Managementp. 473
14.1 Basic Concepts of Heat Recovery and Waste Heat Managementp. 473
14.2 Heat Exchangers and Heat Recovery Systemsp. 476
14.3 Heat Pumpsp. 492
14.4 Applications of Heat Recovery Systemsp. 495
Chapter 15 Thermal Energy Storage Systemsp. 497
15.1 Basic Principles of Thermal Energy Storagep. 497
15.2 Sources of Heat for Thermal Energy Storagep. 501
15.3 Refrigeration for Thermal Energy Storage Systemsp. 502
15.4 Operating Strategies for Cool Thermal Storage Systemsp. 503
15.5 Thermal Energy Storage Mediap. 506
15.6 Quick Size Estimation for Thermal Storage Systemsp. 517
Chapter 16 Energy Management and Control Systemsp. 521
16.1 Energy Management and Control System Basicsp. 521
16.2 Control System Componentsp. 525
16.3 DDC and Computer Systemsp. 538
16.4 Energy Management and Control System Strategiesp. 541
Appendix A Climatic Conditions for the United States and Canadap. 555
Appendix B Steam Tablesp. 593
Glossaryp. 595
Referencesp. 611
Indexp. 619