Cover image for Fluid flow for the practicing chemical engineer
Title:
Fluid flow for the practicing chemical engineer
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Haboken, NJ : Wiley, 2009
Physical Description:
xx, 580 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
ISBN:
9780470317631
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30000010205387 TP156.F6 T44 2009 Open Access Book
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Summary

Summary

This book teaches the fundamentals of fluid flow by including both theory and the applications of fluid flow in chemical engineering. It puts fluid flow in the context of other transport phenomena such as mass transfer and heat transfer, while covering the basics, from elementary flow mechanics to the law of conservation. The book then examines the applications of fluid flow, from laminar flow to filtration and ventilization. It closes with a discussion of special topics related to fluid flow, including environmental concerns and the economic reality of fluid flow applications.


Author Notes

James P. Abulencia is an Assistant Professor at Manhattan College. He received his BS degree in chemical engineering from Manhattan College, and his PhD in chemical and biomolecular engineering from Johns Hopkins University. In addition to teaching fluid flow, his research interests include the role of shear stress in blood thrombus formation, the gene regulation of chondrocytes, and tissue engineering strategies of osteochondral tissue.

Louis Theodore, PHD, is a Professor in the Chemical Engineering Department of Manhattan College. Dr. Theodore is coauthor of Introduction to Hazardous Waste Incineration, Second Edition; Handbook of Chemical and Environmental Engineering Calculations ; author of Nanotechnology: Basic Calculations for Engineers and Scientists; and a contributor to Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook.


Table of Contents

Preface
Introduction
I Introduction to Fluid Flow
1 History of Chemical Engineering-Fluid Flow.
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Fluid Flow
1.3 Chemical Engineering
References
2 Units and Dimensional Analysis
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Dimensional Analysis
2.3 Buckingham Pi (¬Ņ) Theorem
2.4 Scale-Up and Similarity
References
3 Key Terms and Definitions
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Definitions
References
4 Transport Phenomena Versus Unit Operations
4.1 Introduction
4.2 The Differences
4.3 What is Engineering?
References
5 Newtonian Fluids
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Newton's Law of Viscosity
5.3 Viscosity Measurements
5.4 Microscopic Approach
References
6 Non-Newtonian Flow
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Classification of Non-Newtonian Fluids
6.3 Microscopic Approach
References
II Basic Laws
7 Conservation Law for Mass
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Conversation of Mass
7.3 Microscopic Approach
References
8 Conservation Law for Energy
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Conservation of Energy
8.3 Total Energy Balance Equation
References
9 Conservation Law for Momentum
9.1 Momentum Balances
9.2 Microscopic Approach: Equation of Momentum Transfer
References
10 Law of Hydrostatics
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Pressure Principles
10.3 Manometry Principles
Reference
11 Ideal Gas Law
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Boyle's and Charles' Laws
11.3 The Ideal Gas Law
11.4 Non-Ideal Gas Behavior
References
III Fluid Flow Classification
12 Flow Mechanisms
12 1 Introduction
12.2 The Reynolds Number
12.3 Strain Rate, Shear Rare, and Velocity Profile
12.4 Velocity Profile and Average Velocity
Reference
13 Laminar Flow in Pipes
13.1 Introduction
13.2 Friction Losses
13.3 Tube Size
13.4 Other Considerations
13.5 Microscopic Approach
References
14 Turbulent Flow in Pipes
14.1 Introduction
14.2 Describing Equations
14.3 Relative Roughness in Pipes
14.4 Friction Factor Equations
14.5 Other Cosiderations
14.6 Flow Through Several Pipes
14.7 General Predictive and Design Approaches
14.8 Microscopic Approach
References
15 Compressible and Sonic Flow
15.1 Introduction
15.2 Compressible Flow
15.3 Sonic Flow
15.4 Pressure Drop Equations
References
16 Two-Phase Flow
16.1 Introduction
16.2 Gas (G)-Liquid (L) Flow Principles: Generalized Approach
16.3 Gas (Turbulent) Flow-Liquid (Turbulent) Flow
16.4 Gas (Turbulent) Flow-Liquid (Viscous) Flow
16.5 Gas (Viscous) Flow-Liquid (Viscous) Flow
16.6 Gas - Solid Flow
References
IV Fluid Flow Transport and Applications
17 Prime Movers
17.1 Introduction
17.2 Fans
17.3 Pumps
17.4 Compressors
References
18 Valves and Fittings
18.1 Valves
18.2 Fittings
18.3 Expansion and Contraction Effects
18.4 Calculating Losses of Valves and Fittings
18.5 Fluid Flow Experiment: Data and Calculations
References
19 Flow Measurement
19.1 Introduction
19.2 Manometry and Pressure Measurements
19.3 Pitot Tube
19.4 Venturi Meter
19.5 Orifice Meter
19.6 Selection Process
Reference
20 Ventilation
20.1 Introduction
20.2 Indoor Air Quality
20.3 Indoor Air/Ambient Air Comparison
20.4 Industrial Ventilation Systems
References
21 Academic Applications
References
22 Industrial Applications
References
V Fluid-Particle Applications
23 Particle Dynamics
23.1 Introduction
23.2 Particle Classification and Measurement
23.3 Drag Force
23.4 Particle Force Balance
23.5 Cunningham Correction
23.6 Liquid-Particle Systems
23.7 Drag on a Flat Plate
References
24 Sedimentation, Centrifugation, Flotation
24.1 Sedimentation
24.2 Centrifugation
24.3 Hydrostatic Equilibrium in Centrifugation
24.4 Flotation
References
25 Porous Media and Packed Beds
25.1 Introduction
25.2 Definitions
25.3 Flow Regimes
References
26 Fluidization
26.1 Introduction
26.2 Fixed Beds
26.3 Permeability
26.4 Minimum Fluidization Velocity
26.5 Bed Height, Pressure Drop and Porosity
26.6 Fluidization Modes
26.7 Fluidization Experiment Data and Calculations
References
27 Filtration
27.1 Introduction
27.2 Filtration Equipment
27.3 Describing Equations
27.4 Filtration Experimental Data and Calculations
References
VI Special Topics
28 Environmental Management
28.1 Introduction
28.2 Environmental Management History
28.3 Environmental Management Topics
28.4 Applications
References
29 Accident and Emergency Management
29.1 Introduction
29.2 Legislation
29.3 Health Risk Assessment
29.4 Hazard Risk Assessment
29.5 Illustrative Examples
References
30 Ethics
30.1 Introduction
30.2 Teaching Ethics
30.3 Case Study Approach
30.4 Integrity
30.5 Moral Issues
30.6 Guardianship
30.7 Engineering and Environmental Ethics
30.8 Applications
References
31 Numerical Methods
31.1 Introduction
31.2 Early History
31.3 Simultaneous Linear Algebraic Equations
31.4 Nonlinear Algebraic Equations
31.5 Numerical Integration
References
32 Economics and Finance
32.1 Introduction
32.2 The Need for Economic Analyses
32.3 Definitions
32.4 Principles of Accounting
32.5 Applications
References
33 Biomedical Engineering
33.1 Introduction
33.2 Definitions
33.3 Blood
33.4 Blood Vessels
33.5 Heart
34.6 Plasma/Cell Flow
34.7 Biomedical Engineering Opportunities
References
34 Open-Ended Problems
34.1 Introduction
34.2 Developing Students' Power of Critical Thinking
34.3 Creativity
34.4 Brainstorming
34.5 Inquiring Minds
34.6 Angels on a Pin
34.7 Applications
References
Appendix
Index