Cover image for Fire and polymers II : materials and tests for hazard prevention
Title:
Fire and polymers II : materials and tests for hazard prevention
Series:
ASC symposium series ; 599
Publication Information:
Washington, DC : American Chemical Society, 1995
ISBN:
9780841232310
General Note:
Developed from a symposium sponsored by the Division of Polymeric Materials : Science and Engineering, Inc., at the 208th National Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Washington, DC August 21-26, 1994

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30000003708694 TH9446.P65 F57 1995 Open Access Book Proceedings, Conference, Workshop etc.
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Summary

Summary

Presents approaches to increasing the effectiveness of flame retardancy in polymers. Discusses non-halogen flame retardants, including phosphorus, metals, and metal compounds. Describes the use of char forming materials and the effects of surface changes on flammability. Provides a discussionon the state-of-the-art of smoke and toxicity issues. Reviews the latest tools and models for fire performance assessment. Examines regulation, corrosivity, recycling, environmental questions, and real scale performance assessment issues in the U.S. and Europe.


Table of Contents

Fire and Polymers: An OverviewG.L. Nelson
Triarylphosphine Oxide Containing Nylon 6,6, CopolymersI.-Y. Wan and J.E. McGrath and T. Kashiwagi
Copolycarbonates and Poly(arylates) Derived from Hydrolytically Stable Phosphine Oxide ComonomersD.M. Knauss and J.E. McGrath and T. Kashiwagi
Aromatic Organic Phosphate Oligomers as Flame Retardants in PlasticsR.D. Deanin and M. Ali
Chlorinated Flame Retardant Used in Combination with Other Flame RetardantsR.L. Markezich and D.G. Aschbacher
Developments in Intumescent Fire-Retardant Systems: Ammonium Polyphosphate-Poly(ethleneurea formaldehyde) MixturesG. Camino and M.P. Luda and L. Costa
Intumescent Systems for Flame Retarding of PolypropyleneM. Lewin and M. Endo
Reductive Coupling Promoted by Zerovalent Copper: A Potential New Method of Smoke Suppression for Vinyl Chloride PolymersJ.P. Jeng and S.A. Terranova and E. Bonaplata and K. Goldsmith and D.M. Williams and B.J. Wojciechowski and W.H. Starnes
Effect of Some Tin and Sulfur Additives on the Thermal Degradation of Poly(methyl methacrylate)J. A. Chandrasiri and C. A. Wilkie
Effect of Zinc Chloride on the Thermal Stability of Styrene-Acrylonitrile CopolymersS.Y. Oh and E.M. Pearce and T.K. Kwei
Thermal Decomposition Chemistry of Poly(vinyl alcohol): Char Characterization and Reactions with BismaleimidesJ.W. Gilman and D.L. VanderHart and T. Kashiwagi
New Types of Ecologically Safe Flame-Retardant Polymer SystemsG.E. Zaikov and S.M. Lomakin
Some Practical and Theoretical Aspects of Melamine as a Flame RetardantE.D. Weil and W. Zhu
Flammability Improvement of Polyurethanes by Incorporation of a Silicone Moiety into the Structure of Block CopolymersR. Benrashid and G.L. Nelson
Surface Modification of Polymers To Achieve Flame RetardancyC.A. Wilkie and X. Dong and M. Suzuki
Flammability Properties of Honeycomb Composites and Phenol-Formaldehyde ResinsM.R. Hyden and J.E. Brown and S.M. Lomakin
Synthesis and Characterization of Novel Carbon-Nitrogen Materials by Thermolysis of Monomers and Dimers of 4,5-DicyanoimidazoleE.C. Coad and P.G. Rasmussen
High-Temperature Copolymers from Inorganic-Organic Hybrid Polymer and Multi-ethynylbenzeneT.M. Keller
Linear Siloxane-Acetylene Polymers as Precursors to High-Temperature MaterialsD.Y. Son and T.M. Keller
Further Development of the N-Gas Mathematical Model: An Approach for Predicting the Toxic Potency of Complex Combustion MixturesB.C. Levin and E. Braun and M. Navarro and M. Paabo
Correlation of Atmospheric and Inhaled Blood Cyanide Levels in Miniature PigsF.W. Stemler and A. Kaminskis and T.M. Tezak-Reid and R.R. Stotts and T.S. Moran and H.H. Hurt and N.W. Ahle
Environmental Nitrogen Dioxide Exposure Hazards of Concern to the U.S. ArmyM.A. Mayorga and A.J. Januszkiewicz and B.E. Lehnert
Application of the Naval Medical Research Institute Toxicology Detachment Neurobehavioral Screening Battery to Combustion ToxicologyG.D. Ritchie and J. Rossi III and D.A. Macys
Smoke Production from Advanced Composite MaterialsD.J. Caldwell and K.J. Kuhlmann and J.A. Roop
Formation of Polybrominated Dibenzodioxins and Dibenzofurans in Laboratory Combustion Processes of Brominated Flame RetardantsD. Lenoir and K. Kampke-Thiel
Analysis of Soot Produced from the Combustion of Polymeric MaterialsK.J. Voorhees
The Computer Program Roomfire: A ComPartment Fire Model ShellM.L. Janssens
Upward Flame Spread on Composite MaterialsT.J. Ohlemiller and T.G. Cleary
Protocol for Ignitability, Lateral Flame Spread, and Heat Release Rate Using Lift ApparatusM.A. Dietenberger
Fire Properties of Materials for Model-Based Assessments for Hazards and Protection NeedsA.Tewarson
Controlled-Atmosphere Cone CalorimeterM.R. Christy and R.V. Petrella and J.J. Penkala
X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (Electron Spectroscopy for Chemical Analysis) Studies in Flame Retardancy of PolymersJ. Wang
Thermal Analysis of Fire-Retardant Poly(vinyl chloride) Using Pyrolysis-Chemical Ionization Mass SpectrometryS. Shah and V. Dave and S.C. Israel
Smoke Corrosivity: Technical Issues and TestingM.M. Hirschler
""Green Products,"" A Challenge to Flame-Retardant Plastics: Recycling, Marking, Ecolabeling, and Product Take-BackG.L. Nelson
Tools Available To Predict Full-Scale Fire Performance of FurnitureM.M. Hirschler
Combustion Behavior of Upholstered Furniture Tested in Europe: Overview of Activities and a Project DescriptionB. Sundstrom
Fire-Safe Aircraft Cabin MaterialsR.E. Lyon